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George Chaplin

George Chaplin

Senior Research Associate

403c Carpenter Building
University Park , PA 16801
Email:
Office Phone: (814) 865-2509

Curriculum Vitae

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Education

  1. Department of Environmental Studies, Manchester Metropolitan University 2001: MSc in GIS Awarded with Distinction
  2. Association for Geographic Information 2002: Student of the Year Award for a thesis at any level award at a UK University, sponsored by the Ordnance Survey
  3. GISP 2005: (Certified GIS Professional GIS Certification Institute)
  4. Online Teaching Certificate 2016: The Pennsylvania State University

Biography

Research Activities and Interests:

I am interested in all aspects of the Spatial Sciences and how they can be used to illuminate the present human condition and its ancestry. I study: GIS, Human Ecology, Spatial Epidemiology, Spatial and Geo-Statistics, Human Biogeography, Biodiversity, Palaeontology, and Palaeoecological Reconstruction.

Fieldwork:

  • Nepal
  • China Yunnan
  • Kenya Koobi Fora

Courses:

  • Taught: GEOG 583 twice a year, GEOG 598A, GEOG 488, , GEOG 864, ANTH 596
  • Appointed to the Graduate Faculty 2010

Recent Publications:

Chaplin, G., and Nina G. Jablonski. (2019). 'Semantics in the philosophy of race.' in Nina G. Jablonski and Gerhard Maré (eds.), The Effects of Race, Volume 2. Stellenbosch, South Africa: AFRICAN SUN MeDIa

Chaplin, G., (2018) An informational taxonomy of race-ideation.' in Nina G. Jablonski and Gerhard Maré (eds.), The Effects of Race. Volume 1 Stellenbosch, South Africa: AFRICAN SUN MeDIa

Chaplin, G., Jablonski, N.G., Sussman, R.W. and Kelley, E.A. (2014) The role of piloerection in primate thermoregulation. Folia Primatologica. 85:1-17. DOI:

Lucock, Mark, Rohith Thota, Manohar Garg, Charlotte Martin, Patrice Jones, John Furst, Zoe Yates, Nina G. Jablonski, George Chaplin, Martin Veysey, and Emma Beckett. (2019). Early lifecycle UV-exposure calibrates adult vitamin D metabolism: Evidence for a developmentally originated vitamin D homeostat that may alter related adult phenotypes, American Journal of Human Biology, Early View: e23272. DOI: 10.1002/ajhb.23166

Hlusko, Leslea J., J.P. Carlson, George Chaplin, Scott A. Elias, John F. Hoffecker, M. Huffman, Nina G. Jablonski, Tesla A. Monson, Dennis H. O'Rourke, M.A. Pilloud, and G.R. Scott. 2018. Environmental selection during the last ice age on the mother-to-infant transmission of vitamin D and fatty acids through breast milk, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115: E4426-E432. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1711788115.

Iliescu, F. M., George Chaplin, N. Rai, G.S. Jacobs, Chandana Basu Mallick, Abhishek Mishra, Kumarasamy Thangaraj, and Nina G. Jablonski. 2018. The influence of genes, the environment, and social factors on the evolution of skin color diversity in India, American Journal of Human Biology, 30: e23170. DOI: 10.1002/ajhb.23170

Jablonski, Nina G., and George Chaplin. 2018. The roles of vitamin D and cutenous vitamin D production in human evolution and health, International Journal of Paleopathology https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpp.2018.01.005,

Beckett, Emma L., Patrice Jones, Martin Veysey, Konsta Duesing, Charlotte Martin, John Furst, Zoe Yates, Nina G. Jablonski, George Chaplin, and Mark Lucock. 2017. VDR gene methylation as a molecular adaption to light exposure: Historic, recent and genetic influences, American Journal of Human Biology, 29: e23010.

Cuthill, Innes C., William L. Allen, Kevin Arbuckle, Barbara Caspers, George Chaplin, Mark E. Hauber, Geoffrey E. Hill, Nina G. Jablonski, Chris D. Jiggins, Almut Kelber, Johanna Mappes, Justin Marshall, Richard Merrill, Daniel Osorio, Richard Prum, Nicholas W. Roberts, Alexandre Roulin, Hannah M. Rowland, Thomas N. Sherratt, John Skelhorn, Michael P. Speed, Martin Stevens, Mary Caswell Stoddard, Devi Stuart-Fox, Laszlo Talas, Elizabeth Tibbetts, and Tim Caro. 2017. The biology of color, Science, 357 DOI: 10.1126/science.aan0221.

Jones, Patrice, Mark Lucock, Martin Veysey, Nina G. Jablonski, George Chaplin, and Emma Beckett. 2017. Frequency of folate-related polymorphisms varies by skin pigmentation, American Journal of Human Biology, Early View: e23079.

Lucock, Mark, Emma Beckett, Charlotte Martin, Patrice Jones, John Furst, Zoe Yates, Nina G. Jablonski, George Chaplin, and Martin Veysey. 2017. UV-associated decline in systemic folate: Implications for human nutrigenetics, health, and evolutionary processes, American Journal of Human Biology, 29: e22929.

Lucock, Mark, Rohith Thota, Manohar Garg, Charlotte Martin, Patrice Jones, John Furst, Zoe Yates, Nina G. Jablonski, George Chaplin, Martin Veysey, Jessie M. Sutherland, and Emma Beckett. 2018. Vitamin D and folate: A reciprocal environmental association based on seasonality and genetic disposition, American Journal of Human Biology.

Jablonski, N.G. and Chaplin, G. (2017) The colors of humanity: The evolution of pigmentation in the human lineage. Phil. Trans. Royal Soc. B. B 20160349. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2016.0349.

Lucock, M., , Beckett, E., Martin, C., Jones, P. Furst, J., Yates, Z., Jablonski, N.G., Chaplin, G. and Veysey, M. (2017) UV-associated decline in systemic folate: Implications for human nutrigenetics, health, and evolutionary processes. Amer. J. Hum. Biol.

Dostie, Marcus J., et al. "Proof of principle: the adaptive geometry of social foragers." Animal Behaviour 119 (2016): 173-178.

Kelley, E.A., Jablonski, N.G., Chaplin, G., Sussman, R.W. (2016) Behavioral thermoregulation in Lemur catta: The significance of sunning and huddling behaviors. Amer. J. Primatol. 78: 745-754. DOI: 10.1002/ajp.22538

Coussens, Anna K., Celeste E. Naude, Rene Goliath, George Chaplin, Robert J. Wilkinson, and Nina G. Jablonski. (2015) High-dose vitamin D3 reduces deficiency caused by low UVB exposure and limits HIV-1 replication in urban Southern Africans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 112: 8052-57

Chaplin, G., Jablonski, N.G., Sussman, R.W. and Kelley, E.A. (2014) The role of piloerection in primate thermoregulation. Folia Primatologica. 85:1-17. DOI: 10.1159/000355007 (Winner of Editor’s Choice and given Free Open Access)

Lucock, M., Yates, Z., Martin, C., Choi, J.H., Boyde, L., Tang, S., Naumovski, N., Furst, J. Roach, P., Jablonski, N.G., Chaplin, G. and Veysey, M. (2014) Vitamin D, folate, and potential early lifecycle environmental origin of significant adult phenotypes. Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health Evolution, Jan(1): 69-91

Jablonski, N.G. and Chaplin, G. (2014) Skin cancer was not a potent selective force in the evolution of protective pigmentation in early hominins Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 281:20140517. doi: 0.1098/rspb.2014.0517.

Jablonski, N.G. and Chaplin, G. (2014) The evolution of skin color and hair texture in people of African ancestry, For:N. P. Khumalo, editor, Dermatologic Clinics Special Issue: Skin and Hair Disorders in People of African Ancestry. DOI: 10.1016/j.det.2013.11.003

Coussens, A.K.; Naude, C.; Goliath, R.; Chaplin, G.; Jablonski, N.G; Wilkinson, R.J. (2014) The impact of seasonal vitamin D deficiency and vitamin D supplementation on the HIV-1 immune response. Nutrients 6:2766-2767

Chaplin, G. and Jablonski, N.G. 2013. The human environment and the vitamin D compromise: Scotland as a case study in human biocultural adaptation and disease susceptibility. Human Biology. 85:529-552. DOI: 10.1353/hub.2013.0028.

Milner, George R., George Chaplin and Emily Zavodny (2013). Conflict and Societal Change in Late Prehistoric Eastern North America. "Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues, News, and Reviews" 22(3):96-102.

Jablonski, N.G., and Chaplin, G., (2013) Epidermal pigmentation in the human lineage is an adaptation to ultraviolet radiation, Journal of Human Evolution. 65:671-675. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2013.06.004

Siegel SR, Mackenzie J, Chaplin G, Jablonski NG, Griffiths L., (2012) Circulating microRNAs involved in multiple sclerosis. Mol Biol Rep 39: 6219-6225.

Jablonski NG, Chaplin G (2012) Human skin pigmentation, migration and disease susceptibility. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 367: 785-792.Disanto G, Chaplin G, Morahan JM, Giovannoni G, Hypponen E, et al. (2012) Month of birth, vitamin D and risk of immune mediated disease: a case control study. BMC Med 10: 69.

Jin JJH, Jablonski NG, Flynn LJ, Chaplin G., Xueping J., Li Zhicaie, Shi Xiaoxuee, Li Guihuaf. (2012) Micromammals from an early Holocene archaeological site in southwest China: Paleoenvironmental and taphonomic perspectives. Quaternary International.

S.V. Ramagopalan, A.E. Handel, G. Giovannoni, S. Rutherford Siegel, G.C. Ebers, and G. Chaplin (2011) Period Prevalence of Multiple Sclerosis in England: Relationship to UV Exposure Neurology Neurology 76: 1410-1414.

G. Disanto, S.V. Ramagopalan, J.M. Morahan, E, Hypponen, G.C. Ebers and G. Chaplin (2011) Gestational ultraviolet and vitamin D exposure and the risk of multiple sclerosis in the United Kingdom Abstract American Academy of Neurology

Jablonski NG, Chaplin G., (2010) Human skin pigmentation as an adaptation to UV radiation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2010 May 11;107 Suppl 2:8962-8. Epub 2010 May 5.PMID: 20445093

Milner, G. Chaplin, G., (2010) Estimate of Native American population at 1500, American Antiquity 75:707-726

Jaap Struijs, Arjan van Dijk, Harry Slaper, Harm J. van Wijnen, Guus J.M. Velders, George Chaplin and Mark A.J. Huijbregts. (2010) Spatial- and time explicit human damage modelling of ozone depleting substances in Life Cycle Impact Environ Sci Technol.; 44(1):204-9. PMID: 19958022

Chaplin, G. and Jablonski, N.G. (2009) Vitamin D and the evolution of human depigmentation.. Am. J. Phys. Anthrop. 139(4) pp. 451-461.

Chaplin, G. (2005) Physical Geography of the Gaoligong Shan Area of Southwest China in Relation to Biodiversity, Proceedings of The California Academy of Sciences, Fourth Series, Volume 56, No. 28, pp. 527–556

Jablonski, N.G. and Chaplin, G. (2000) The evolution of human skin coloration. J. Hum. Evol. 39:57-106.

Chaplin, G. and Jablonski, N.G. (1998) The integument of the odd-nosed colobines. In: Jablonski, N.G. (ed.) The Natural History of the Doucs and Snub-nosed Monkeys, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Co., pp. 79-104.

Chaplin, G., Jablonski, N.G., and Cable, N.T. (1994) Physiology, thermoregulation and bipedalism. J. Hum. Evol. 27:497-510.